Please note: This is NOT the most current catalog.
Chair, 2007-08: Mary Steen, writing
Faculty, 2007-08: Mark Allister, American literature, environmental literature, American studies; Gene Bauer, English as a second language; Richard C. Buckstead, American literature, Asian literature; Karen Cherewatuk, Anglo Saxon, medieval literature; Jenny Dunning, creative writing; Richard DuRocher, Renaissance literature, Milton; Geoff Hamilton, contemporary American and British literature; Joan Hepburn, African American literature, drama; Jan C. Hill, writing, journalism; Jonathan E. Hill, British romantic literature and culture; Carol Holly, American literature; Karen Marsalek, medieval literature and linguistics; Joseph Mbele, post-Colonial literature; Jon Eric Nelson, 20th-century British and American literature; Diana Postlethwaite, 19th-century British literature, literature and film; Kaethe Schwehn, creative writing; Mary Titus, American literature; Susannah Shmurak, American literature; Mary Trull, 16th- and 17th-century literature; Colin Wells, 18th-century British and American literature
Literature is one of the most compelling ways in which humans have recorded and reflected on their lives, imagined different worlds, and communicated one with another. Literature offers the pleasures of artistic expression combined with the powerful consolations of empathy and insight, knowledge and inspiration.
The English Department offers a major that, drawing on some 1,500 years of literatures in English, provides a sound foundation in the history of British and American literature and introduces students to the more recent, global range of literatures in English. It contrasts and connects literatures in English across national boundaries, historical periods, differing cultures, and the various literary genres. Students read from Geoffrey Chaucer to Chinua Achebe, from Mary Rowlandson to Jamaica Kincaid; they read epics, novels, and plays, essays and memoirs, lyrics and short stories.
In discussing and writing on what they have read, students develop an informed understanding of the force of literary language and improve their own powers of communication, analysis, and persuasion. In the department’s creative writing courses, students can nourish their own verbal creativity and, perhaps, make their own contribution to literatures in English.
The English major is easily and frequently combined with other majors. English courses also count toward general education requirements (see below) and contribute to a number of interdisciplinary concentrations, including American racial and multicultural studies, American studies, medieval studies, and women’s studies. The English major is very compatible with off-campus and overseas study (see below under Special Programs), since most courses taken elsewhere in literature in English can count toward the major as electives.
What can you do with an English major? Students who wish to teach English at the secondary school level use their major towards a Communication Arts and Literature License. Most English majors use their powers of critical thinking, verbal comprehension, reading, writing, and speaking to enter a wide range of jobs, occupations, training programs, and professions. They find that what their English major gave them is good for the marketplace and good for a lifetime.
OVERVIEW OF THE MAJOR
The basic English major is nine courses. All majors complete the same four courses: English 185, 221, 222, and one course from a category designated “Global Literatures in English, 1850-Present” (GLE). With the remaining five (or more) electives, two of which must be at Level III, students can pursue their own particular interests and give their major the emphasis they choose, whether particular authors, historical periods, genres or topics, or a focus on creative writing.
Many English courses carry general education credit in ALS-L, ORC and WRI. Some carry HWC, MCS-G and MCS-D, and EIN credit.
General Education 111 or its equivalent is a prerequisite for all other courses in the department except English 107, 110 and some Level I Interim courses. While a few courses have additional prerequisites, most Level I and Level II courses are open to all — majors and non-majors alike — after General Education 111. Level III courses (numbered 300 or higher) are primarily for English majors and ordinarily build upon prior work. All Level III courses require as a prerequisite English 185 and at least one Level II course in an area of relevant background as confirmed by the instructor or the department.
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJORS
Requirements for the Graduation Major
Nine English courses including English 185, 221, 222, and one course from a category designated “Global Literatures in English, 1850-Present” (GLE); plus five electives (two of which must be at Level III). Supplementary courses in disciplines such as classics, history, philosophy, and modern foreign languages are recommended for all majors.
GLE courses are offered at both Level II and III and may be taken at any time during the major. Courses in this category are global in scope (that is, not confined to, although they may include, literature written in Great Britain and the USA). GLE courses emphasize the multicultural, transnational, and post-colonial nature of much literature written in English. A list of courses meeting this requirement will be posted on the department website each term.
Requirements for the Communication Arts/Literature (CAL) Teaching Licensure plus English Graduation Major
Eight English courses including English 185, 221, 222, and one course from a category designated “Global Literatures in English, 1850-Present” (GLE); 233; 251 or 257; 274; and one Level III literature elective; Theatre 100, 120; Media Studies 160; plus the requirements in professional education, including Education 321 and 345. (Consult the CAL Licensure Adviser.)
Requirements for the Communication Arts/Literature (CAL) Teaching Licensure
Four English courses including English 185; 251 or 257; 274; and one English literature elective; two of Theatre 100, 115, 120, 130; Media Studies 160; plus the requirements in professional education, including Education 321 and 345. (Consult the CAL Licensure Adviser.)
The English Department awards distinction on the basis of a student’s overall record in the department and on the quality of a written project – critical or creative – submitted by the candidate in his or her senior year. To be a candidate for departmental distinction, a student must have completed a minimum of seven graded courses taught in the English department at St. Olaf whose combined GPA is no lower than 3.5. Such students may apply at the beginning of either the Fall Semester or the Spring Semester of their senior year. Students interested in distinction should obtain guidelines from the Department Distinction Coordinator and find a supervisor in the English Department before applying.
Special programs include semester and full-year study in England at Oxford, Lancaster, and East Anglia; study in Scotland at Aberdeen; semester and full-year study in Ireland at Trinity College, University College Dublin and University College Galway; Interim study in the Caribbean and in Ireland; semester and Interim study at the Newberry Library in Chicago; Urban Teaching semester in Chicago; Interim theater study in London; internships in writing. (See INTERNATIONAL AND OFF-CAMPUS STUDIES for further information.)
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR GRADUATE AND PROFESSIONAL STUDY
Students planning on graduate study in English should take the graduation major and additional courses for a total not to exceed 14. Specific programs should be planned with the student’s academic adviser. At least two foreign languages should be included, one of which should be French or German. In recent years, English majors have been accepted for graduate study in literature (at Berkeley, Chicago, Princeton, Toronto, Minnesota, Washington, and Wisconsin) and in writing (at Boston University, George Mason, Iowa, and New School University).
Level II courses (numbered in the 200s) are open to all students without prerequisite beyond General Education 111 or its equivalent. Level III courses (numbered in the 300s) are primarily confined to the major, demand control of methods and of basic factual and theoretical knowledge appropriate to English studies, require more advanced work, assume more preparation, and pursue subjects in greater depth than do Level II courses. Level III courses are open to students with the stated prerequisites.
Courses in writing provide the opportunity for students, whether beginning or experienced writers, to develop their own work in a variety of modes including poetry, journalism, creative nonfiction, drama, and fiction for both beginning and experienced writers.
Students examine various heroic and trickster figures as manifested in post-colonial literature from Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean, both oral and written, and seek to understand what basic human needs and realities these figures express and fulfill.
This course introduces students to poetry from a range of perspectives including, but not limited to: the poet's life; the application of categories of analysis such as race, gender, and nationality; poetry as literary craft; and the aesthetic appreciation of poems. To "experience" the literary medium of poetry in the fullest sense, students are required to write about, memorize, orally interpret/recite, and compose their own poetry.
This course introduces students to literary analysis through dramatic texts and performance. Activities may include trips to see local productions, student in-class performances, staged readings, and viewing filmed productions. Plays are drawn from varied genres, two or more historical periods, and both traditional and experimental approaches.
Students develop skills to make reading a source of lifelong satisfaction. Six to eight works of fiction and nonfiction are read, including such works as Chinua Achebe's Arrow of God, Brontė's Wuthering Heights, and Anne Fadiman's The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down. Students may write book reviews, background pieces, and reflective essays.
Students read detective stories from their earliest forms in Poe and Doyle to their postmodern deconstruction in the hands of Paul Auster, and examine the problematic character of evidence, causality, verification, agency, and meaning itself. These matters are understood differently in different times and different places. Thus, a good detective story is also an investigation into culture, race, and gender. Offered during Interim.
Students read and consider the American dramatic tradition from O'Neill and Oders to Baraka and Shange and up to the present. Particular emphasis is given to drama, both representational and non-representational, of social commentary and protest. Examination of the literature is supplemented by filmic interpretations where applicable. The course is appropriate for non-majors with broad interests. Offered during Interim.
As they read a variety of mostly contemporary literature from English-speaking countries around the world, students learn strategies of critical analysis and interpretation. They also practice and develop skills in writing and oral communication. This course is required of those beginning the English major. It is not recommended for general education students. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
The personal essay may contain rumination, memoir, anecdote, diatribe, scholarship, fantasy, and moral philosophy. Students read and write about the personal essay from its origins to the present day as well as craft their own personal essays. Readings range from founding father Montaigne to classic practitioners Charles Lamb and Virginia Woolf; students also explore International essayists such as Wole Soyinka and American voices from Thoreau to Annie Dillard. Offered during Interim.
This course focuses on verbal folklore: narratives, songs, and shorter forms such as proverbs. It explores their intrinsic qualities as literary creations and also the ways in which they operate together in combination or in dialogue. The folktale and the epic, for example, incorporate a variety of these forms, such as the proverb, the song, or the riddle, to form a complex whole. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students read novels and short stories by twenty to thirty Australian and New Nealand authors, including Keri Hulme, Janet Frame, Frank Sargeson, Patricia Grace, Henry Lawson, David Malouf, Richard Flanagan, and Kim Scott. They encounter distinctive voices and strategies and discuss issues of cultural identity, natural environment, indigenous peoples, and gender. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students explore poetry and prose from the earliest periods in the development of the English language and literature -- by Caedmon, the Beowulf poet, Chaucer, Julian of Norwich, Malory, Spenser, Shakespeare, Lady Mary Wroth, Donne, Milton -- and investigate how literary conventions and social history interact. From sermons to sonnets, students examine 1000 years of literary history and ultimately follow the voyage of English from Britain to the Americas. Prerequisite: Prior or simultaneous study in English 185.
Students study literary developments from the mid-17th to the mid-19th centuries. Topics examined include the influence of the Puritan Revolution on literature; satiric modes practiced by Dryden, Pope and Swift; the rise of the novel; the Romantic movement; Transcendentalism; and the development of American identity as seen in writers such as Franklin, Fuller, and Douglass. Prerequisite: English 221.
A study of the Arthurian legend, from its Celtic origins through the classic medieval romances of Chrétien and Malory, to the Victorian adaptations of Tennyson and the Pre-Raphaėlites, to contemporary novels and film. The course focuses on the myth's characteristic forms and ideas: the errant knight's adventures, the grail quest, and triangulating desire and adulterous love. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
These courses treat specific periods in British literature and examine the relationship between literary texts and movements and their particular cultural, political, and historical contexts. Each offering of this course examines a different literary era and emphasizes specific literary and historical issues. Students may register for the course more than once provided a different era is studied. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
The Middle Ages focuses upon Anglo-Saxon and Middle English literature, including the Beowulf poet, Chaucer, Julian of Norwich, and Malory, in the context of emerging ideas such as heroism, the role of women, and the relationship between secular society and the Church.
The Renaissance examines radical literary changes in English literature, as they occur in Spenser, Shakespeare, Lanyer, Donne, and Milton, in such contexts as the Protestant Reformation and strife over Puritanism, court politics under Elizabeth and James, and the English Civil War.
The Age of Englightenment focuses upon neoclassical poetry and satire and the emergence of the novel. Writers such as Dryden, Behn, Swift, Pope, and Fielding are read in the context of political and social revolutions, the African slave trade, and the growth of modern capitalism.
The Romantic Period considers the outburst of literary creativity in such poets as Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keats and such prose writers as Wollstonecraft, Scott, Austen, and Mary Shelley, in the context of revolutionary politics, encounters with nature and the rise of industrialized, consumer capitalism.
The Victorian Period, a time of British political and cultural dominance, examines the work of such writers as Tennyson, Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Dickens, and the Brontės, in the context of scientific, industrial and colonial growth, religious skepticism, and challenges to class and gender inequalities.
Modern British Literature focuses on the literature reflecting modern turbulence, innovation, and alienation, as in Joyce, Lawrence, Woolf, and Eliot, in the context of World War, social and economic crises, and radical artistic experimentalism.
Students read and discuss children's literature from a variety of cultures and time periods. Beginning with world folklore and children's classics as background, students explore an array of picture books, poetry, fiction, and nonfiction that exemplifies the best in fantasy, science fiction, and realism for children and young adults. Special emphasis is given to two relatively new subgenres: multicultural literature and the contemporary problem novel. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students examine literary works, forms, and movements as part of a larger cultural history. Each offering of this course emphasizes a different historical issue or period. Students consider the extent to which literary texts are produced by common cultural and historical conditions and how literature shapes the historical accounts we inherit. Recent offerings include "Romanticism," "'50s Beat Literature," and "Writing America: 1620-1800." Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
The Vietnam War/American War -- the name depends on one's national perspective -- gave rise to a rich literature in both the United States and Vietnam. Students read fiction, poetry, and memoirs by both American and Vietnamese writers. They also view films, listen to music, and interview veterans to enrich their understanding of the war and its aftermath. Offered during Interim. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
These courses treat specific periods in American literature and examine the relationship between literary texts and movements and their particular cultural, political, and historical contexts. Each offering of this course examines a different literary era and emphasizes specific literary and historical issues. Students may register for the course more than once provided a different era is studied. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Early American Literature focuses upon the literature of the colonial and early national periods, as in works by Bradstreet, Edwards, Franklin, Wheatley, and Equiano, in the context of America's Puritan origins, democratic revolutions, and uneasy relations with native peoples.
19th-Century American Literature examines literary works by authors such as Whitman, Dickinson, Twain, James, Douglass, and Wharton in the context of emergence of modern individualism, industrialism and immigration, and the struggles for the rights of women and African Americans.
Modern American Literature examines literary movements and works in 20th-century America, such as those by Frost, Eliot, Cather, Faulkner, Hurston, Ginsberg, Plath, and Morrison, in such contexts as the world wars, economic depression and experiences, and alienation of different cultures and generations.
Students explore the histories, cultural patterns, religious practices, key institutions, gender issues, narrative styles, and the significant contributions to our nation of an array of racial and multicultural groups. Such diverse writers as Leslie Silko, Chaim Potok, Amy Tan, and Toni Morrison raise questions about voice and identity, both individual and collective. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students encounter the literatures from former British colonies and from other countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Primary attention is given to literatures in English, but the readings may include some translations. The course examines diverse cultural expressions and the historical and cultural contexts of the works read, including the relationship between oral and written literature and between indigenous and foreign elements. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students study modern Irish literature in four distinct Irish settings (ancient city, coastal village, urban capital, lake-country town) where this literature was written. James Joyce's Dubliners put Dublin on the map; Irish men and women, some of whom students meet on the trip, continue to write engagingly about modern life in a variety of locales. Readings, discussion, and cultural experiences (including theater, museums, and excursions by van) provide the basis for daily journal entries and several short papers. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent. Offered during Interim.
Interdisciplinary 258 Theater in London (Abroad)
Students study drama and theater through the reading of dramatic criticism and plays, attendance at approximately 20 performances, group discussions, guest lectures, and tours. London, the theatrical center of the English-speaking world, enables students to experience a wide variety of theatrical performances ranging from traditional to modern. Excursions to Stratford-upon-Avon, Oxford, and Canterbury offer additional theater perspectives.. Offered during Interim.
Ethics, as a subject of serious study, has traditionally been seen as a sub-field of philosophy; the course begins by examining the different ways moral questions have been framed by philosophers. Logical analysis, however, is not the only resource available for ethical understanding. For most people stories are a more familiar and influential medium. Drawing on stories ranging from parables and folk tale to post-modern film and fiction, this course looks at narrative as ethical discourse. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent and completion of BTS-T.
Students study selected poets, dramatists, novelists, and essayists of the Eastern Caribbean islands of Barbados, Trinidad, and St. Lucia. Examination of the literature is supplemented by guest lecturers, presentations by creative writers, and field trips to sites of cultural and environmental interest. Offered alternate years during Interim. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students explore both the literary features and the social functions of utopias. Readings include Sir Thomas More's Utopia of 1516, the work that set the genre, and a variety of utopias throughout history. As a final project, students imagine or articulate either a utopia or a critique of some existing utopia. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students learn about and analyze the English language, beginning with the building blocks of language: morphology, syntax, semantics, and phonetics/phonology. Students also explore the ways humans acquire language, social and geographical influences on English, and major changes during the history of the English language. The course serves as an introduction to the linguistics concentration, and fulfills the linguistics requirement of the communication Arts and Literature license. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students explore the complex relationships between literature and film. How do we translate the verbal into the visual? What can novels do that films cannot and vice versa? Subject matter includes both classic and contemporary fiction and film. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Through nonfiction, fiction, and poetry, students explore the complex relations between humans and the "natural" world. Students consider questions such as: What does it mean to be connected to a landscape? What is a sense of place? Students also reflect about how they and the writers they read put landscape and experiences into language. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students examine a limited number of plays (eight or nine) in order to concentrate on how to read the plays well and how to respond fully to both text and performance. Students attend live performances when possible and view productions on video. The course, designed especially for non-majors, includes some consideration of historical context and background as well as practice in how to write about the plays. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Through reading and discussion of a diversity of plays and through the study of dramatic events such as play-acting and ritual, students identify the characteristics of drama as a genre within a social context and discuss the plays as literary forms, as ideas, and as performance. The course is appropriate for non-majors with broad interests. May be repeated if topics are different. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students explore various forms of prose, both fiction and nonfiction. Each instructor selects different material to be studied and emphasizes various aspects of the form. Topics can range from the 18th-century novel to African American autobiography. May be repeated if topics are different. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
This course examines aspects of theater production in New York City. Students meet artists, directors, producers, critics, and scholars skilled in the areas of performance and important to the critical reception of poetry and drama. They also tour relevant sites, developing skill at analyzing and evaluating artistic excellence. Specifically, students consider three aspects of theater: written drama, play production, and review writing. Offered in alternate years during Interim. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students study individual texts as well as the development of women's literary tradition(s). How do women writers conform to and/or challenge the dominant paradigm for female identity, women's social roles and women's literary practice? Topics may include women's autobiographies, women writers and the land, contemporary women's fiction, and major women writers. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students explore the works of major authors writing in English from around the globe, as well as their historical, social, and geographic contexts. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students explore specific periods in British literature and examine the relationship between literary texts and movements and their particular cultural, political, and historical contexts. Each offering of this course examines a different literary era and emphasizes specific literary and historical issues. Prerequisites: English 185 plus one additional course of relevant background.
Students explore specific periods in American literature and examine the relationship between literary texts and movements and their particular cultural, political, and historical contexts. Each offering of this course examines a different literary era and emphasizes specific literary and historical issues. Prerequisites: English 185 plus one additional course of relevant background.
This course focuses on important issues, images, authors, and modes in an intensive study of racial and multicultural literature in the U.S. The scope of the course can include racial portraiture, sexual politics, field and factory experience, color and class status, and church and family institutions. Authors include such writers as Frederick Douglass and Maxine Hong Kingston. Prerequisites: English 185 plus one additional course of relevant background.
Students study individuals or groups of authors, looking at themes such as the individual as cultural hybrid, the place of politics in literature, ethnocentrism and imperialism. They examine the formation of literature from the clashes of culture, and the relationship between non- traditional literary forms and traditional European aesthetics. Prerequisites: English 185 plus one additional course of relevant background.
This class focuses on defining, classifying, analyzing, interpreting, evaluating, and understanding literature. Students study both practical criticism (discussion of particular works or writers) and theoretical criticism (principles and criteria appropriate to literature generally). The course introduces a broad range of critical theories and provides an historical overview of the subject. Prerequisites: English 185 plus one additional course relevant background
Students consider in depth some of Shakespeare's most popular plays and also explore some of the less-frequently studied classics. Students examine a wide range of genres and types of plays, view videotapes, and attend performances when available. Prerequisites: English 185 plus one additional course of relevant background.
Students examine the work of a major British author. Through attention to life experiences, cultural contexts, and the impact of history, the course offers students a rounded and complex understanding of a major author's literary achievement. Recent authors have included Milton, Dickens, George Eliot, Joyce, and Woolf. Because such study is intensive and requires background, students should have prior exposure to the author studied. May be repeated if topics are different. Prerequisite: English 185 plus one additional course of relevant background.
Students examine the work of a major American author. Through attention to the life of the author, cultural context and the impact of history, the course offers students a rounded and complex understanding of a major author's literary achievement. Recent authors have included William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway, and Edith Wharton. Because such study is intensive and requires background, students should have prior exposure to the author studied. May be repeated if topics are different. Prerequisite: English 185 plus one additional course of relevant background.
This course examines Milton's works through the lens of ethics, using readings in ethical theory to better understand both the ethical issues and the works themselves. Students participate in a series of trials and panels designed to explore in depth issues of censorship, individual liberty, and the role of civil governments. Prerequisite: completion of BTS-T.
Students analyze from a broadly cultural view the political, religious, and intellectual debates of Chaucer's day as reflected in his greatest work, the Canterbury Tales. Students examine the Canterbury Tales through the lens of ethics, using readings in ethical theory to better understand moral questions, Chaucer's poetry, and ourselves -- as interpreters of literature and moral agents. Prerequisite: completion of BTS-T.
In the first part of this seminar, students examine, on the basis of common readings, some broad literary topic. In the second, they undertake individual research projects, share and respond to each other's work-in-progress and present their completed project to the seminar. May be repeated if topics are different. Prerequisites: English 185 plus one additional course of relevant background.
This course is intended primarily for English Language Learners to develop English skills required for college-level work. Composition and the writing process, as well as other language skills, will be emphasized in class and through individual instruction. Students must pass the course with a grade of C or higher in order to enroll in General Education 111. Offered Fall Semester only.
Students write frequently, respond to one another's writing, and meet often with instructors in conferences. Emphasis is on students learning about the writing process and revision. The course is required of those students placed into it; it may not be substituted for General Education 111. Students must pass the course with a grade of C or higher in order to enroll in General Education 111. Offered Fall Semester only.
From the intimate personal essay to more externally driven literary journalism, creative nonfiction covers a range of forms. Students learn to combine fictional techniques, personal recollections, and direct exposition in assignments that might include memoir, personal essay, cultural criticism, nature writing, book and film reviewing, and "new journalism." Contemporary nonfiction writers such as Annie Dillard, Scott Russell Sanders, Judith Ortiz Cofer, and John McPhee provide models and inspiration for writing in the course. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students learn to write essays on scientific and mathematical topics, aimed at a non-expert audience. Students examine diverse published examples of such writing and learn, by doing, to write about technical and scientific subjects of their own choosing. Offered in workshop format, with students sharing and critiquing each others' work. Prerequisites: FYW or equivalent and two courses in science or mathematics.
Students examine critically a variety of national, metro, and local media. Students then learn to write their own news copy, including hard news, features, editorials, art and entertainment reviews, sports, business, and travel stories. Students also learn UPI/AP style copy editing and proofreading, important skills for students applying for internships and print media jobs. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
This course provides students with the opportunity to gather insights and develop skills in the writing of creative prose, poetry, and/or drama. Literary selections are often used as models and discussions of craft set the stage for the workshopping of student writing. Prerequisite: FYW or equivalent.
Students focus on poetry, deepening their understanding of the form and completing a substantial portfolio of polished work. Class sessions include discussion of models in contemporary poetry, exploration of various options within the form, and workshopping of student writing. Prerequisite: Approval of portfolio by department committee.
Students develop and complete individual projects in fiction, deepening and polishing their work. Class sessions are devoted to the discussion of the craft, the examination of literary models, and workshopping of student writing. Prerequisite: Approval of portfolio by department committee.
Students deepen and strengthen their work in creative nonfiction. Class sessions are devoted to development of writing strategies and analysis of professional and student writing. Prerequisite: Approval of portfolio by department committee.
Students learn the techniques of screenwriting, including how to write a treatment, to create backstories, and to break down scenes. Each student produces and revises a 30- to 35-page narrative screenplay. Prerequisite: English 251, 257, or writing equivalent.
298 Independent Study
This course provides a comprehensive research opportunity, including an introduction to relevant background material, technical instruction, identification of a meaningful project, and data collection. The topic is determined by the faculty member in charge of the course and may relate to his/her research interests. Prerequisite: Determined by individual instructor. Offer based on department decision.
398 Independent Research