Please note: This is NOT the most current catalog.
Chair, 2008-09: Alison Feldt, voice, vocal pedagogy, vocal literature
Vice Chair, 2008-09: Andrew Hisey, piano
Faculty, 2008-09: Steven Amundson, orchestra, conducting, theory; Kathryn Ananda-Owens, piano; Anton Armstrong, choir, conducting, voice; Christopher Aspaas, choir, choral literature, conducting, voice; Christopher Atzinger, piano; Linda Berger, music education; Mark Calkins, voice; David Carter, cello, chamber music, string methods; David Castro, theory; Laura Caviani, jazz piano; Beth Christensen, music librarian; Kurt Claussen, saxophone; Anna Clift, cello; Dan Dressen, voice, lyric diction; Margaret Eaves-Smith, voice; Andrea Een, violin, viola, chamber music; Julia Elkina, piano; Alison Feldt, voice, vocal pedagogy, vocal literature; John Ferguson, organ, church music, choir, chapel cantor; Charles Forsberg, theory; Michele Gillman, theory; Tracey Gorman, voice; Charles Gray, violin, viola, chamber music; David Hagedorn, jazz, percussion, aural skills, percussion methods; Alice Hanson, music history; J. Robert Hanson, trumpet; Janis Hardy, voice, lyric theater; Phillip Hey, drum set; Andrew Hisey, piano; Martin Hodel, trumpet, theory; Gerald Hoekstra, music history, early music ensembles; Anthony Holt, voice; Sigrid Johnson, choir, voice; Mark Kelley, bassoon; Nancy Lee, music education; Dana Maeda, oboe; Jill Mahr, handbell ensembles, flute; Timothy J. Mahr, band, conducting, composition, music education; Mary Martz, voice; Harriet McCleary, voice; James McKeel, voice, lyric theater; Kent McWilliams, piano; Justin Merritt, composition, theory; Elinor Niemisto, harp; Paul Niemisto, band, low brass, brass methods; Paul Ousley, string bass; Nancy Paddleford, piano; Dione Peterson, music education; Michael Petruconis, french horn; Jun Qian, clarinet, chamber music; Catherine Rodland, organ, theory; Kay Sahlin, flute, chamber music; Miriam Scholz-Carlson, string methods, Alexander technique; Ray Shows, violin, viola, chamber music; Robert Smith, voice, vocal literature; Paul Westermeyer, church music; Herbert Winslow, french horn; Larry Zimmerman, low brass
Inspired by the conviction that music is a divine gift, the St. Olaf College Music Department devotes itself to the cultivation of this gift in the lives of its students and in the broader community. We dedicate ourselves to creating an educational experience that unites the artistic standards of a professional program with the intellectual rigors and academic breadth of the liberal arts in an environment of free, creative, and critical inquiry. Through music we affirm the college’s mission to foster the development of the whole person in mind, body, and spirit.
The Music Department offers extensive opportunities to explore, practice, and celebrate the musician’s art with an ongoing commitment to a distinctive ensemble program, excellent individualized instruction, and a comprehensive undergraduate music curriculum. We honor St. Olaf’s rich heritage spanning more than a century of international artistry and scholarship and will continue to cultivate a spirit of exploration and innovation, seeking and celebrating the transcendent and transforming power of music.
The Music Department offers Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and Bachelor of Music (B.M.) degrees, which are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music. St. Olaf students may also pursue the Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Music double-degree option.
This is a liberal arts degree, with approximately one-third of the course work in music. A B.A. Music major offers a wide range of career options in music and related fields such as performance, broadcasting, multimedia, arts administration, advertising, education, arts journalism, music librarianship, or music therapy. Students may choose a general music major or may elect an emphasis in history-literature or theory-composition, or they may opt for a course of study that leads to Minnesota teaching licensure.
This is a professional music degree with approximately two-thirds of the course work in music. Students may elect one of four majors:
Graduates often continue with graduate work in performance, preparing for careers as performers and teachers. This major also serves a good preparation for graduate studies in related fields like music therapy. Piano and organ performances majors may also pursue an emphasis in collaborative keyboard performance.
Graduates general continue their studies in graduate school or move directly into parishes as church musicians. Careers in conducting, college teaching, or the ministry are also served by this major.
Graduates general continue their studies in graduate school, eventually moving towards careers in film music and other media, teaching, or conducting.
This degree typically leads to a public school teaching career immediately after graduation, although graduate study is an option as well.
This program engages students in professional study in music and study in liberal arts, leading to both the Bachelor of Music and Bachelor of Arts degrees. Students pursuing the double-degree option may choose any of the four Bachelor of Music graduation majors (Church Music, Music Education, Performance, and Theory-Composition) and any of the Bachelor of Arts graduation majors except Music. Students must meet the application requirements for both the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Music degree programs. This program typically takes five years to complete. Students pursing this option should consult their advisors as early as possible.
Students enrolled through Luther Seminary study with St. Olaf faculty, and take St. Olaf classes in preparation for service in the church as professional, theologically educated, pastoral musicians. For more information, contact Luther Seminary (651-641-3521, www.luthersem.edu).
ADMISSION TO THE MUSIC MAJOR
Students may apply for entrance into the music major before enrolling or after beginning their studies at St. Olaf. A complete application for any music major (B.A. or B.M.) requires an audition on the principal instrument/voice, completion of screenings to test basic music knowledge and skills. More Information for prospective students. More information for St. Olaf students.
ADMISSION TO TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAMS
Applications for entrance in B.A. Music with Teaching Credential or B.M. Music Education are processed in the second semester of the sophomore year. Interested students must be already-admitted music majors and are classified as B.A. General music majors until accepted into a teacher education degree program. More information.
All students in B.M. and Teacher Education programs are reviewed for continuance. B.M. Performance, Church Music, and Theory Composition students are generally reviewed at the end of the third semester in the program. Teacher Education students are generally reviewed in their Junior year. A continuance review includes a juried recital performance, a review of music and overall academic progress, and a possible interview/conference. A student not approved for continuance in any program is no longer in that program. More Information.
All music majors must demonstrate keyboard proficiency at a level specified for the major/instrument, generally by the end of the sophomore year. Students may demonstrate proficiency through successful completion of piano classes, or by examination. More Information
All full-time students are eligible to audition for membership in any of these musical ensembles. Participation in these ensembles fulfills ensemble graduation requirements for music majors.
Additional opportunities for ensemble performance include Collegiate Chorale, Clarinet Choir, Flute Choir, Horn Club, Percussion Ensemble, Trombone Choir, and Tuba-Euphonium Ensemble. Participation in these ensembles does not fulfill graduation requirements for music majors.
To receive department distinction, a senior music major must be nominated by a faculty member and confirmed as eligible by a two-thirds vote of the Music Department faculty. Eligibility nominations are based on academic excellence and contributions to Music Department efforts over the course of a student's time at St. Olaf. Eligible seniors will be notified by October 1.
Eligible students pursue distinction by completing a project in their major area of emphasis that demonstrates an exceptionally high degree of excellence. A faculty member must pre-approve the project and serve as project advisor. Typical projects are: a full recital (Performance and Church Music); a major research paper (History-Literature); a substantial composition (Theory-Composition), or a student-teaching portfolio (Music Education). Exceptions to these may be considered by the Music Department Chair. All projects must be approved and submitted by November 15, and completed by late April.
An evaluation committee of three music faculty members is selected by the Music Department Chair. Evaluations are shared with the full music faculty, and a two-thirds majority vote determines the candidates who will received distinction.
Music Performance Studies
Music performance studies provide a direct opportunity to think and speak the language of music. Lessons integrate aspects of music's cultural and historical contexts, its theoretical properties, and the physical and psychological facets of performance. Music performance studies earn ALS-A credit. A full credit (4 x 0.25) of study on a single instrument or voice is required to meet the ALS-A comprehensive graduation requirement.
Registration for all applied music lessons is processed through the Music Office (CHM 101). Elective private study for non-music majors (0.25 credit) is available on a space-available basis to students demonstrating sufficient skill level gained through prior study.
All students in the Bachelor of Music program receive a lesson scholarship for principal-instrument/voice study. Beginning in the sophomore year, Bachelor of Arts music majors also receive a lesson scholarship for primary-instrument voice/study.
Lessons are available in bassoon, clarinet, composition, cornet, euphonium, flute, English horn, French horn, hardanger fiddle, harp, harpsichord, oboe, organ, percussion, piano, jazz piano, saxophone, string bass, trombone, trumpet, tuba, viola, violin, violoncello, and voice.
For all elective and secondary-instrument/voice performance studies, students are assessed a fee of $380 per 0.25 credit. Fees will be refunded only if a student drops the course by the 6th day of the semester. No refund is given thereafter.
Applied music lessons are offered at three credit levels:
0.25 credit: weekly half-hour lessons, daily minimum one-hour practice expectation
0.50 credit: weekly one-hour lessons, daily minimum two-hour practice expectation
1.00 credit: weekly one-hour lessons, daily minimum three-hour practice expectation
Enrollment for lessons in any applied studio entails attendance and performance at studio classes, and attendance at a specified number of music department-approved events.
To perform solo on any official recital, students must be concurrently enrolled in lessons on the performing instrument/voice.
Students explore dictation and singing of intervals, rhythmic patterns, scales, tonal melodies and basic chord progressions. With 113, this course forms the introduction to the music major. Offered Fall Semester.
Building on principles learned in 111, students encounter more advanced rhythmic patterns, tonal melodies and chord progressions. Prerequisites: Music 111 and 113. Offered Spring Semester.
In this course, students explore the fundamentals of music, including the elements of pitch and rhythm, music notation, intervals, triads and inversions, seventh chords, scales, harmonic progression, and basic principles of voice leading. With 111, this course forms the introduction to the music major. Registration for 113 requires concurrent registration in Music 161 unless a student has either passed the Piano I equivalency examination or placed out of Music 161. Offered Fall Semester.
Building on principles learned in 113, students develop a harmonic vocabulary through analysis of seventh chords, secondary functions and common chord modulation. Studies in melody explore species counterpoint and develop through melodic reduction and phrase structure. Binary and ternary forms are also studied. Prerequisites: Music 111 and 113. Registration for 114 requires concurrent registration in Music 162 unless a student has either passed the Piano II equivalency examination or placed out of Music 162. Offered Spring Semester.
Designed for students with little or no background in music, this course introduces the fundamentals of music materials through the keyboard, computer programs and written work in music theory. Offered Interim only.
Students learn fundamental music materials and a perspective of music history as well as develop techniques of listening to aid in the critical perception and fuller enjoyment of the musical art. The course has a required activity fee. Generally offered in the Spring Semester.
In this course, students explore orchestral music, in history, forms, styles, instrumentation, vocabulary and specific landmark works. The course includes two orchestral concerts in Minneapolis/St. Paul. Offered Interim only.
For students with little or no keyboard experience, this course emphasizes sight playing, basic keyboard patterns and technical skills, harmonization, playing by ear, and applied musical theory. Classes include ensemble playing, performance, skill development, and structured improvisation. Open to non-music majors on a space-available basis only. Offered Fall Semester.
A continuation of 161, this course offers added emphases on more advanced harmonic idioms, transposition, score reading, and improvisation. Students earning a grade of B- or higher meet the department's keyboard proficiency standards for B.A. music students who are not majoring in music education. Open to non-music majors on a space-available basis only. Prerequisite: Music 161, equivalency examination I, or audition placement. Offered Spring Semester.
This course addresses both the theory and practical application of F. M. Alexander's discoveries of the process of human coordination. Students learn to apply the Alexander Technique to their practice and performance activities. Offered Spring Semester.
Through group instruction, students encounter the fundamentals of singing and an introduction to song literature. Class performance is required. This course may be repeated once. Offered Fall and Spring Semesters.
This course introduces basic techniques for performance on a student's choice of three of the following: trumpet, horn, trombone, euphonium, and tuba. Additional topics include: pedagogical techniques, tools and literature; teaching repertoire; and instrument care. Prerequisite: permission of instructor required for students not majoring in Theory/Composition or Music Education. Offered Spring Semester.
This course introduces basic techniques for performance on all instruments of the percussion family, with an emphasis on the snare drum. Additional topics include: pedagogical techniques, tools and literature; teaching repertoire; and instrument care. Prerequisite: permission of instructor required for students not majoring in Theory/Composition or Music Education. Offered Spring Semester.
This course introduces basic techniques for performance on the violin, viola, cell and string bass. Additional topics include: pedagogical techniques, tools, and literature; teaching repertoire; and instrument care. Prerequisite: permission of instructor required for students not majoring in Theory/Composition or Music Education. Offered Fall Semester.
This course introduces basic techniques for performance on selected instruments in the woodwind family. Additional topics include: pedagogical techniques, tools, and literature; teaching repertoire; and instrument history and care. Prerequisite: permission of instructor required for students not majoring in Theory/Composition or Music Education. Offered Fall Semester.
This course continues to develop the basic skills of sightsinging and dictation taught in 111, Aural Skills I, and 112, Aural Skills II. Sightsinging includes melodies with chromatic pitches and modulation. Greater emphasis is placed on dictation employing more complex harmonies. Prerequisites: Music 112 and 114. Offered Fall Semester.
This course continues the aural study of chromatic harmony, melodies and 20th-century rhythms introduced in 211. Students also work on basic improvisation skills, including working from jazz chord symbols, improvising melodies from given guidelines, improvising cadenzas, and improvising jazz melodies. Prerequisites: Music 211 and 213. Offered Spring Semester.
Continuing the theory sequence from 114, students explore Baroque counterpoint, Classical and Romantic styles and forms, advanced modulation techniques, and chromatic harmony. The course also introduces musical acoustics and music technology. Prerequisites: Music 112 and 114. Offered Fall Semester.
Building on principles learned in 213, students examine the techniques and materials of music since 1875, including chromaticism and extended tonality. Analysis of late 19th- and 20th-century music is included. Prerequisites: Music 211 and 213. Offered Spring Semester.
Intended for students in vocal music education, this course introduces fundamental characteristics of orchestral and band instruments, including orchestration, instrument ranges and transposition. Prerequisite: Music 114 and junior standing. Offered Fall Semester, 2006-2007 and alternate years.
Through this introduction to the practical fundamentals of orchestration, students learn about instrument ranges, nomenclature, proper notation, characteristics of orchestral and band instruments, transposition, and scoring for various instrumental combinations including full orchestra, concert band, and marching band. Prerequisite: Music 114 and junior standing. Recommended: Music 166, 167, 168, 169, or equivalent experience. Offered Fall Semester, 2007-2008, and alternate years..
The study of counterpoint is a way of understanding more completely the compositional techniques of great composers as well as developing one's own fluency in writing music. Students learn advanced contrapuntal techniques in Renaissance, Baroque, and 20th-centry styles, studying the works of such composers as Palestrina, Bach, and Barber. Prerequisite: Music 214. Offered Fall Semester, 2007-08, and alternate years.
Students are introduced to a number of compositional techniques and are given opportunities to create original works of music and hear them performed. The course also includes listening to important 20th and 21st-century works and discussing current trends in music, the changing role of the composer in society, and practical composition issues. Prerequisites: Music 112, 114, or permission of instructor. Generally offered every semester.
This course is a hands-on study of the science, aesthetics, history and current practices of electronic music. Creative projects include work with MIDI synthesizers and sequencers, as well as digital sampling and software synthesis. Offered Interim, 2007, and alternate years.
This course presents a study of the historical development of jazz, from its roots in blues and ragtime at the beginnng of the 20th century to the present, focusing on its principal forms and styles, its role in American culture and contributions of major artists. Offered Interim only.
This course is an introduction to American sacred, art, folk and popular music from ca. 1650 to the present. Selected music "hits" from each genre and era are examined for their distinctive musical styles and forms as well as for what they reflect about American culture and values. Intended for non-music majors, the course covers basic listening skills, vocabulary, and forms. The ability to read musical scores is helpful but not required. Offered Interim only.
Students study the musical history of hymnody and its relationship to the history of the church. In addition, this course explores the Biblical Psalms and their use in worship of the church and includes references to their musical settings in Gregorian chant, Anglican chant, responsorial settings, and choral music. Offered Interim 2007 and alternate years.
This course examines how basic conventions, styles, and forms of music convey drama, emotion, and meaning in dance, opera, musicals, and film genres. Intended for the general student (non-music major), this course provides fundamental musical listening skills and vocabulary to analyze and describe how music can partner with movement, texts, and visual images to portray time, place, and plot, while simultaneously depicting a character's mental state, conveying political messages or predicting the future. Offered Interim only.
An introduction to non-Western music, this course explores ethnically diverse performance practices and styles, ethnomusicological techniques for studying non-Western music, and the relationship of music of various cultures to events important to those cultures. Offered Fall Semester.
Students encounter the history and development of Western European music from the Middle Ages to ca. 1750 and study the genres and styles of music from monophonic chant to concerted music of the Baroque. Prerequisite: Music 114. Offered Fall Semester.
Continuing the study begun in 241, students encounter the history and development of Western European music from ca. 1750 to the present and study the major forms, styles and representative literature of the Classic and Romantic eras and the 20th and 21st centuries. Prerequisite: Music 114. Offered Spring Semester.
Students learn basic conducting gestures, with and without baton, through exercises in meter patterns, preparatory beats and cut-offs, cueing, dynamics, fermata, articulations, phrasing, left hand independence, and face/eye usage. Prerequisite: Music 114 or permission of instructor. Offered Spring Semester.
Students learn conducting techniques for choral literature including rehearsal techniques, vocal preparation and auditioning and selecting voices. Course work includes observation of conductors on campus and in the community. Prerequisite: Music 251. Offered Fall Semester.
Students learn conducting techniques for instrumental literature, including rehearsal techniques, score preparation, and reading the full score. They study characteristic examples from standard band and orchestra literature and receive practical experience in conducting an instrumental ensemble. Course work includes observation of conducting faculty. Prerequisite: 251. Offered Spring Semester.
This advanced piano class for B.M. music majors emphasizes sight playing, score reading, harmonization and transposition, advanced harmonic idioms, improvisation, ensemble playing, and performance preparation. Students earning a grade of B- or higher meet the department's Level III keyboard proficiency standards. Prerequisite: Music 162, equivalency examination II, or audition placement. Offered Fall Semester.
This continuation of 261 emphasizes sight playing, score reading, harmonization and transposition, more advanced improvisation and harmonic usage. Students earning a grade of B- or higher meet the department's Level IV keyboard proficiency standards. Prerequisite: Music 261, equivalency examination III, or audition placement. Offered Spring Semester.
Students study and practice principles for singing in English and Italian with good pronunciation, enunciation, and expression. Course content includes phonetic analysis using the International Phonetic Alphabet and identifying and exercising the phonemic features of English and Italian through class performances and listening assignments. Prerequisite: two semesters of voice lessons. Offered Fall Semester, 2006-07, and alternate years.
Students study and practice the principles for singing in French and German with good pronunciation, enunciation and expression. Course content includes phonetic analysis using the International Phonetic Alphabet and identifying and exercising the phonemic features of French and German through class performances and listening assignments. Prerequisite: Music 263 and two semesters of voice lessons. Offered Spring Semester, 2006-07, and alternate years.
This studio course focuses on advanced techniques of acting and singing for the musical stage with emphasis on opera. Students explore voice, movement, improvisation, and characterization at an advanced level. They receive coaching in musical and dramatic style through solo and small ensemble literature and prepare scenes for class performance. The course culminates with public performances of fully staged and costumed lyric theater work. May be repeated once. Prerequisites: Two semesters of voice study and Theatre 131 (Acting for the Lyric Stage). A class fee may be required. Generally offered Fall Semester.
Opera Workshop focuses on the preparation for performance of a one-act opera or opera scenes. Students receive coaching and performance experience through individual and group singer/actor exercises. The course culminates with public performances of fully staged and costumed lyric theater work. May be repeated once. A class fee may be required. Offered Interim only.
Students study and perform chamber music repertoire for strings, winds, percussion, and keyboard. Ensembles formed frequently include string quartets, woodwind quintets, or brass quintets. Existing ensembles may enroll, or new groups may be formed. The course requires regular and frequent rehearsals, coaching sessions with faculty and recital performances. May be repeated. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered Fall and Spring Semesters.
Students survey the solo vocal repertoire (art song) of Germany, Italy and Spain. This course provides the materials for the study of song literature, highlighting the significant features and developments inherent in the form. Course work includes class performances. Prerequisite: Music 214, 241, 242, 263 and 264, or permission of instructor. Offered Fall Semester, 2007-08, and alternate years.
Students survey the solo vocal repertoire (art song) of France, England, the United States, and the Nordic countries. This course provides the materials for the study of song literature, highlighting the significant features and developments inherent in the form. Course work includes class performances. Prerequisite: Music 214, 241, 242, 263 and 264, or permission of instructor. Offered Spring Semester, 2007-08, and alternate years.
Beginning with the 17th century, students trace the evolution of literature for piano through the major works of such diverse composers as Bach, Boulez, Couperin, and Cage. Course content includes lectures, readings, listening, analysis, performance, and written assignments. Special attention is paid to performance practice traditions and historical context. Prerequisites: Music 214, 241, and 242, or permission of instructor. Offered Fall Semester, 2006-07, and alternate years.
This course is a study of the smaller forms of choral literature from the Renaissance to the present with an emphasis on music suitable for junior and senior high school and church choirs. Students study scores and discuss interpretation and conducting problems. Prerequisite: Music 214, 241, and 242 and junior standing. Offered Spring Semester.
This course is a study of the larger forms of choral music from the Baroque to the present. Students study scores and recordings and discuss interpretation and conducting problems. Prerequisite: Music 214, 241, and 242 and junior standing. Offered Fall Semester, 2007-08, and alternate years.
298 Independent Study
Analysis is a course of discovery, using advanced tools of music theory to examine the ways in which great works of music are put together. Students examine principles of form and style and, using a range of analytical techniques, come to a deeper understanding of tonal music. The course focuses on Classical and Romantic literature, with some work in 20th-centry tonality. Prerequisite: Music 214. Offered Spring Semester, 2006-07, and alternate years.
An analytical study of the wide range of musical styles found in the 20th century, this course provides an opportunity to study important works from our time and to come to a deeper understanding of their structure and meaning. Students study atonal music theory in depth and examine some of the new approaches to tonality in our time. Prerequisite: Music 214. Offered Spring Semester, 2007-08, and alternate years.
Students develop more advanced technique in writing for instruments and voice through individual study in creative composition, focusing on smaller ensembles. This course may be repeated. Prerequisite: Music 223. Generally offered Fall and Spring Semesters.
This course continues the study in creative composition begun in 223 and 324 and includes writing for large ensembles. This course may be repeated. Prerequisite: Music 221, 223, 324, and permission of instructor. Generally offered Fall and Spring Semesters.
This course offers an in-depth study of the music literature and styles of the Renaissance, ca. 1430-1600. Prerequisite: Music 241, 242. Offered in alternate years.
This course offers an in-depth study of the music literature and styles of the Baroque, ca. 1600- 1750. Prerequisite: Music 241, 242. Offered in alternate years.
This course offers an in-depth study of the music literature and styles of the late 18th and 19th centuries. Prerequisite: Music 241, 242. Offered in alternate years.
This course offers an in-depth study of the music literature of the 20th and 21st centuries (ca. 1890-present). Prerequisite: Music 241, 242. Offered in alternate years.
Students encounter in-depth studies in a specific topic or area of music history. The content and nature of this course are determined by the instructor and the department. Sample topics include American music, studies in classical music, opera, and folk and pop in art music. May be repeated if topics are different. Prerequisite: Music 241, 242. Offered Fall and Spring Semesters.
Students study advanced baton techniques, including meter changes, asymmetrical meters, advanced fermata situations, pattern variety, melds, and 20th-century demands (including the contemporary score and aleatoric music). Students also study the art of programming, score preparation, score reading, score interpretation, memorization, handling different stylistic traditions, and conducting recitative. Students practice conducting an ensemble and observe rehearsals on and off campus. Prerequisite: Music 252 or 253, and permission of instructor. Offered Fall Semester.
This course introduces principles and varied methods of effective and creative piano teaching, along with piano studio management. Although the focus is on teaching young beginners, the course also addresses the teaching of intermediate students. Students develop skills through actual teaching experience. Prerequisite: three semesters of piano lessons, of which the first semester may be piano class, or permission of instructor. Offered Fall Semester, 2007-08, and alternate years.
This course introduces a systematic pedagogical approach to the study of voice production for use in the studio or classroom. Students examine basic voice physiology, the healthy use and care of the voice, voice problems, and appropriate vocal literature. Prerequisite: three semesters of voice lessons, one of which may be voice class; or permission of instructor. Offered Fall Semester.
This course introduces the principles of vocal pedagogy applied to the child and adolescent voice with an emphasis on understanding the developing voice and establishing good vocal habits with appropriate techniques and literature. Prerequisite: Music 251, completion of one semester of voice or voice class and junior standing, or permission of instructor. Generally offered Fall Semester.
Students study a broad range of literature from beginning to advanced, examining scores and listening to string etudes, solos, sonatas, concertos, and orchestral excerpts. Special emphasis is placed on appropriate repertoire for beginning and intermediate students. Pedagogy, discussion of well-known string performers (past and present), and the basics of studio management are accentuated through required readings, videos, discussion, and actual teaching experiences. Prerequisite: Music 214, 241, and 242 or permission of instructor. Offered Fall Semester, 2007-08, and alternate years.
Students study the role of music in worship with an emphasis on strategies for developing music groups, including handbells and Orff instruments, in worship and church education. Prerequisite: Music 214 or permission of instructor. Offered Fall Semester, 2006-07. and alternate years.
This course continues the studies begun in 391. Students consider recruitment and music administration and composing and arranging music for worship. Prerequisite: Music 391. Offered Spring Semester, 2006-07, and alternate years.
This course provides a comprehensive research opportunity, including an introduction to relevant background material, technical instruction, identification of a meaningful project, and data collection. The topic is determined by the faculty member in charge of the course and may relate to his/her research interests. Prerequisite: Determined by individual instructor. Offer based on department decision.
398 Independent Research
Independent Study and Research are available in many areas not regularly taught.