"Statistics | RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network." RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network | RAINN: The Nation's Largest Anti-sexual Assault Organization.One of “America’s 100 Best Charities" —Worth Magazine. RAINN, 2009. Web. 11 Jan. 2012. <http://www.rainn.org/statistics>.
This website was written by the nation’s largest organization against sexual assault. The site provided numerous statistics cited within my academic paper about the occurrence of date-rape and prevalence of the use of date-rape drugs.
Weiss, Susan. "Date Rape Drugs Fact Sheet." Womenshealth.gov. Office on Women's Health in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health at the US Department of Health and Human Services, 5 Dec. 2008. Web. 11 Jan. 2012. <http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/date-rape-drugs.cfm>.
This website was created by a Congressional Office on women’s health. The fact sheet resource on this page provided me with information regarding rape and the effects of date-rape drugs.
Larson, A. E., Beussman, D. J. “Quantitative Detection of Rohypnol in Beverage Residues Using LC-MS/MS” 60th Pittsburgh Conference and Exposition, Chicago, IL, March 2009.Albright, J.A., Stevens, S.A., Beussman, D.J. “Detecting Ketamine in Beverage Residues: Application in Date Rape Detection” accepted for publication in Drug Testing and Analysis
This poster was created and presented by a student, with faculty member supervision, from St. Olaf College. This poster summarized and presented research previously accomplished by Dr. Doug Beussman’s lab regarding date-rape drugs in beverage residues, specifically rohypnol. The information presented here informed me about the properties of rohypnol alone in beverage residues, helping me predict how it would behave in a mixture of drugs in that same beverage residue.
"Erowid MDA Vault." Erowid. Erowid, 2 Jan. 2000. Web. 11 Jan. 2012. <http://www.erowid.com/chemicals/mda/mda.shtml>.
This website provides information on numerous drugs and other controlled substances, giving chemical properties, street name information, side effects, dosages, and lethal limits. I used the information on this site not only for determining the maximum concentration I should research (i.e. the normal dosage of the drug) but also for enumerating effects and other properties in my paper. This page on the site was specific to MDA.
“Erowid MDMA Vault.” Erowid. Erowid, 2 Jan. 2000. Web. 11 Jan. 2012. <http://www.erowid.com/chemicals/mdma/mdma.shtml>.
This website provides information on numerous drugs and other controlled substances, giving chemical properties, street name information, side effects, dosages, and lethal limits. I used the information on this site not only for determining the maximum concentration I should research (i.e. the normal dosage of the drug) but also for enumerating effects and other properties in my paper. This page on the site was specific to MDMA.
Controlled and Uncontrolled Substances Used to Commit Date Rape: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 1530, July 30, 1998. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 2000. Print.
This Congressional document is a transcript of a hearing about date-rape drugs from 1998. I used the information in the transcript as basic background knowledge for my study of date-rape drugs as well as to gather specific information regarding the onset of symptoms, dosage, street names, and effects of ingesting rohypnol.
Athanaselis, Sotiris A., and Frederick P. Smith. Handbook of Forensic Drug Analysis. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic, 2005. Print.
The editor of this book holds an M.S. in forensic chemistry and a Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from the University of Pittsburgh. His dissertation topics included detection of drugs in various bodily fluids. Co-author Sotiris Athanaselis has worked in numerous professions in the field including forensic toxicology, forensic pathology, and forensic medicine. This book presents information regarding the various methods for forensic drug analysis as well as information about the different varieties of street drugs. I used this information to inform my lecture presentation and paper when discussing previous, or historical, methods of analysis for date-rape drugs.
Perrett, D., and P. White. "10: HPLC in Biomedical and Forensic Analysis." High Performance Liquid Chromatography: Fundamental Principles and Practice. By W. J. Lough and Irving W. Wainer. London: Blackie Academic & Professional, 1995. Print.
This book puts HPLC in contrast to other analytical methods. It highlights the uniqueness of HPLC as a method and why and when one would select this over other similar methods. This information informed my lecture and paper discussion of the reasoning behind choosing HPLC as the method for this research.
Ho, Mat H. Analytical Methods in Forensic Chemistry. New York: E. Horwood, 1990. Print.
This author provides, as the title suggests, analytical methods for forensic chemistry. He goes through the multitude of different analytical methods and explores their history and use within the field of forensic chemistry. I used a variety of chapters in this book to inform my paper and lecture when discussing previously used methods of analysis and comparing and contrasting those with the new method I have developed.
Rivier L. Criteria for the identification of compounds by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-multiple mass spectrometry in forensic toxicology and doping analysis. Analytica Chimica Acta 2003; 492: 69-82.
The author provides information regarding HPLC analysis and how coupling the HPLC with tandem mass spectrometry increases selectivity and sensitivity. This publication specifically applies this method of analysis to forensic situations, in particular doping, or drugging, analysis.
Harris DC. Quantitative Chemical Analysis 7th edition. New York: W.H. Freeman, 2007; 84-87.
This book is a textbook on analytical chemistry history and methods. I used this at the beginning of my research process last summer to understand the specifics about the liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy process: the mechanics of how it works as well as the steps involved in running an analysis on HPLC-MS/MS instrumentation. The equations in this textbook also helped me to develop my method for analyzing results and comprehending their statistical value.
Advocates, SARN. "St. Olaf College SARN:." SARN. St. Olaf College, 5 May 2009. Web. 22 Mar. 2012. <http://www.stolaf.edu/orgs/sarn/index.html>.
This website is a resource provided by St. Olaf College for students, faculty, and staff who have been victimized by sexual assault or rape. It provides information on what to do, who to contact, and options available for health concerns. All contact with SARN is strictly confidential. I used this resource as a handout after my lecture to the Forensic Chemistry course, in an effort to be sensitive to those who may have personal experience with this and to provide information and awareness to all.
“DEA Drug Information.” Welcome to the United States Department of Justice. United States Drug Enforcement Administration. Web. 14 Mar. 2012. http://www.justice.gov/dea/pubs/abuse/index.htm.
This web resource is posted by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration. They provide information regarding controlled substances. Their resources informed my paper when discussing common dosages.