Abbreviated APA Guide:  Library Research

In response to some of your questions about the paper's format, I've adapted the format guide sent out previously
to the types of library research papers that most students have planned to write.

Manuscripts should be in the style of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (4th
edition, 1994). Papers should be typed on one side of the paper, double spaced throughout (including the
references), with margins of at least 1 inch. All pages must be numbered.

The first page should include the title of the paper, first name, middle initial and last name of the
author, and a short institutional address (St. Olaf College).

The second page should repeat the title and contain an abstract of no more than 200 words.
The third page should repeat the title as a heading to the main body of the text.

Include headings and subheadings within lengthy sections to clarify their content.

Length:  There is no rule which you must follow on length; however, the intention in this class was to spread out the
writing over the term so that your writing was more continuous, rather than a massive project at the end (when all your other
massive projects were due).  Thus, a rough guideline is 5-7 or 6-8 pages of actual text (not counting the abstract or references).  If your subject matter can't be adequately addressed within this, you may do more, but don't use "filler", or expand needlessly, and don't use less.  In short, do what is needed to adequately deal with your topic.

References should follow APA style. All publications cited in the text should be listed following the
text; all references listed must be mentioned in the text.

Within the text, references should be denoted by the author's name and year of publication in parentheses, e.g.
(Woods, 1995) or (Mansell & McGill, 1995) or, if there are more than two authors, (Gallico et al., 1986).
Where several references are quoted consecutively within the text the order should be alphabetical, e.g. (Elford
& Sherr, 1989; Folkman, 1992). Similarly, where several references are quoted within a single year, the order
should be alphabetical (Mansell & McGill, 1995; Woods, 1995). If more than one paper from the same author(s)
and year is listed, the date should be followed by (a), (b) etc., e.g. (Blazer, 1995a).

References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order, typed in double spacing.
Responsibility for the references and their verification against the original documents lies with the author(s).

References should be listed on a separate sheet(s) in the following standard form, capitalisation and punctuation:

a) for periodical articles (titles of journals should not be abbreviated): Woods, B. (1995). Dementia care:
progress and prospects. Journal of Mental Health, 5, 115-124.

b) for books: Norman, A. (1987). Aspects of ageism. London: Centre for Policy on Ageing.

c) for chapters within multi-authored books: Robertson, I. T. (1994). Personality and personnel selection.
In C. L. COOPER & D. M. Rousseau (Eds.), Trends in organizational behavior (pp. 75-89). Chichester: Wiley.

Illustrations All illustrations (including photographs, graphs and diagrams) should be referred to as Figures.  APA style
indicates that each figure should be submitted on a separate sheet of paper; for the present paper, you may do this separately
or within the text.  If separately, indicate within the text where it is to go (<Insert Figure 3 here>).

Tables In APA style, tables should be submitted on separate sheets, numbered in Arabic numerals, and their position
indicated in the text (e.g. Table 1). For this paper, I will also permit tables within the paper.  Each table should have
a short, self-explanatory title.  Any explanatory notes should be given as a numbered footnote at the bottom of the table.