SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
UNITED STATES v. BORDEN COMPANY ET AL.
370 U.S. 460
APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS.
No. 439. Argued April 24-25, 1962 -- Decided June 25, 1962
The Government brought this suit to enjoin appellees from selling fluid milk in the Chicago area at prices which discriminate between independently owned grocery stores and grocery store chains, in violation of § 2 (a) of the Clayton Act. The District Court found that the pricing plan of each appellee was a prima facie violation of § 2 (a); but it concluded that these discriminatory prices were justified under the proviso of § 2 (a) which permits price differentials which make only "due allowance for differences in the cost of manufacture, sale, or delivery." In doing so, it relied upon a showing by appellees that the average cost of sales and deliveries to all chain stores was lower than the average cost of sales and deliveries to all independent stores.
The class cost justifications submitted to the District Court by appellees did not satisfy their burden under § 2 (b) of showing that their respective discriminatory pricing plans reflected only a "due allowance" for actual cost differences, since there was not a sufficient resemblance of the individual members of each class in the essential cost-determinative factors on which the classifications were based. Pp. 461-472.
Reversed and remanded.
Mr. Justice Clark delivered the opinion of the Court.
Mr. Justice Douglas, concurring.
Mr. Justice Harlan, dissenting.
Mr. Justice Frankfurter took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.