reading questions for
Sigmund Freud's Clark
Five Lectures on PsychoAnalysis
Freud: A Brief Life
- When Freud studied with Charcot, what two bold
theories impressed him?
- What did the case of "Anna O." demonstrate to
- What was "seduction theory" and what replaced
- What was the main idea in Interpretation of
- What was the fundamental point of
Psychopathology of Everyday Life?
- How was Freud's treatment of sexual
development different for his times?
- What is the difference between the two mental
processes: primary and secondary?
- Why did Freud include the Thanatos drive in
addition to the Eros drive after WWI?
- What are the three parts of his "structural
theory" of the mind, and how do they inter-relate?
- Did Freud think people are readily able to
"see" what goes on in their heads?
First Lecture: Anna O & psychic energy
- What were the symptoms of Breuer's patient,
and how did physicians usually explain these symptoms?
- If the diagnosis was "hysteria", how did
physicians generally treat the patients?
- What led Breuer to invent the "talking cure"
to treat his patient, and how did this cure help her?
- In theory, how did hypnosis facilitate
- In Breuer's view, how were the symptoms of
hysteria and previous emotional experiences connected?
- On what is the mental life of the hysteric
fixated, and how does this fixation effect current
- What commonly happens to emotional experiences
that later can lead to hysteria?
- How does the suppression of past emotions
influence the surface expression of them?
- How does the account of Breuer's patient lead
Freud to postulate different mental states?
- What is the difference between the conscious
and unconscious mental states, and what is the relation between
- How do symptoms of hysteria arise in the
- Why does Freud think that Breuer's theory is
Second Lecture: Repression
- How did the theories of Freud, Breuer, and
Charcot differ from other contemporary theories of hysteria as a
- How did Janet relate the mental cause of
hysteria with the physical body, and why did Freud disagree with
- Why did Freud stop using hypnosis, and what
advantages or disadvantages did its replacement have over
- Why were patients able to recall past traumas
in a normal, non-hypnotized mental state?
- How did Freud work to get his patients to
recall past traumas?
- How does "repression" interfere with Freud's
- Why are some specific wishes repressed, but
- How does repression protect the patient from
- Why is Freud's allusion to the university
president as a mediator a good analogy for the psychoanalyst's
role in dealing with repression?
- Why does a repressed wish still effect
hysterical symptoms, and how does it express itself in the
conscious mental state?
- Why can we track the form of the repressed
wish from the form of the symptom?
- Once psychoanalysis has brought a repressed
wish into the patient's consciousness, how can it be dealt
Third Lecture: Tools for psychic archeology
- Why was Freud incorrect to say that simple
insistence led patients to recall suppressed memories?
- How do these two forces interact: the
conscious intention to explore unconscious wishes and the
resistance against making those wishes conscious?
- How does resistance to the repressed wish
effect its conscious expression?
- Why are jokes an example of distortion in
- How do the words "allusion" and "substitute"
explain the process of distortion?
- What is a "complex", and why would free
associations tied to a repressed wish form a complex?
- How does free association give the
psychoanalyst information about the repressed wish?
- How do dream life and normal life relate to
- Why does Freud make a distinction between the
"manifest content of the dream" and the "latent
- How is the distortion of dreams similar to the
symptoms of hysteria, and how is the dream related to repressed
- How is "dream-work" similar to
- Why would knowledge of symbolism in myth help
to interpret dreams?
- How is anxiety in dreams related to
- How would a psychoanalyst observe slips of the
tongue, fidgeting, and other small actions differently from an
- How do these small actions express repressed
- Why do psychoanalysts believe that they can
actually trace repressed wishes through a host of observations on
free association, dream interpretation, and small faulty
- How does Freud answer other people who condemn
Fourth Lecture: Sex and the Nuclear complex
- Why, according to Freud, are psychoanalysts
convinced that that the erotic life is central to explanations of
- Why is sexuality so often ignored by doctors
and the general public?
- How are sexuality and traumatic experiences
linked in Freud's theory, and why, then, is an examination of the
patient's childhood so important?
- Why do most people ignore infantile
- What does Freud mean when he says infantile
sexuality is made up of many factors?
- Why is thumb-sucking an expression of
"auto-erotism" in Freud's theory?
- How is "object-choice" different from
"auto-erotism", and how does object-choice influence one person's
relations to another?
- What role does gender play in a child's
- What role does repression play in the
formation of a person's sexual character?
- How are development and pathology
- In terms of auto-erotism, why does Freud
classify homosexuality as a "perversion"?
- How does adult "neurosis" relate to infantile
sexuality, as compared with a "perversion"?
- How does the child's first choice of object
relate to its parents, and how does this choice effect relations
towards the unchosen parent?
- Why is the myth of Oedipus apropos of Freud's
- Why is object-choice of a parent the "nuclear
complex" of neurosis, and why would a child's detachment from its
chosen parent lead to a more stable mental life?
- How can the role of psychoanalysis be viewed
in light of the child's first object-choice?
Fifth Lecture: Bringing repressed wishes to light
- How does the frustration of erotic needs lead
to illness, but why is resistance to giving up erotic needs so
- How do humans use fantasy life, and how do
different fantasies relate to personality?
- Why is the difference between neurosis and
normal life quantitative, not qualitative?
- How does "transference" determine how a
patient relates to the physician?
- What role does a physician play in using
transference to help the patient?
- An obstacle to the acceptance of
psychoanalysis is the supposed danger raised by bringing repressed
wishes to consciousness. Why does Freud think this perception of
danger is false?
- How do conscious and unconscious wishes effect
mental life differently?
- How does conscious "judgment" differ from
- How does "sublimation" effect the mental
influence of a repressed wish?
- In Freud's view, why can some repressed wishes
be safely satisfied?