1. Preread: skim chapter for organization of information, to see ahead of time what will be covered.

2. Make a study list of words that are defined and/or appear in bold type (you may need to look these up in book’s glossary or a dictionary).

3. Put asterisks next to passages you’ll need to know in class or on quiz.

4. Put question marks next to passages you don’t understand. Tag these pages to ask tutor or professor, or to try to find out answers for yourself.

5. As you read, summarize each paragraph in one sentence.

6. For detailed or complex material, outline each paragraph or section as you read through each chapter.

7. Prepare study questions for yourself based on your outlines.

8. Look at any diagrams, maps or charts on the page that might help you understand the material.

9. Try reading or studying with a partner or in a study group, asking questions of each other as you go along.

10. Read in chunks of time, giving yourself 5-10 minute breaks when you become tired or find that you are not remembering what you are reading. For complicated or difficult material, try reading in half-hour periods only, then break briefly.

11. If the material doesn’t make sense, try reading it aloud.

12. Make a list of questions about the material that you might ask the book’s author if she or he were in the room with you.