Art and Art History
Chair, 2014-15: Nancy Thompson, art history
Vice Chair, 2014-15: Irve Dell, sculpture
Faculty, 2014-15: Wendell Arneson, painting, drawing; Ron Gallas, ceramics (on leave); Mary Griep, drawing, painting; Karna Hauck, art education; Karil Kucera, art history, Asian studies; Jane Becker Nelson, director, Flaten Art Museum; Peter Nelson, new media; Meg Ojala, photography; Matthew Rohn, art history, environmental studies (on leave Interim and spring); John Saurer, printmaking, drawing, sculpture (on leave spring); Michon Weeks, drawing, painting; Christopher Tradowsky, art history
The Department of Art and Art History at St. Olaf approaches the study of art as an intellectual and creative endeavor. The department's curriculum provides students with the research, interpretive, and technical skills to make and study meaningful works of art and to sustain them as artists and critical thinkers throughout their lives. In keeping with the larger mission of St. Olaf, art and art history faculty strive to teach students to make connections between cultures and across academic disciplines, and to work creatively with a broad range of media and critical models. The Flaten Art Museum is integral to the curriculum with its on-going exhibition program and its permanent collection. Through the resources provided by the studio, classroom, and museum, art and art history students learn to question, investigate, and explore art in order to gain an understanding of its transformative power in the world and in their own lives.
overview of the major
Requirements for a Studio Art Major
Students majoring in studio art must earn a minimum of ten credits including Art 343. Students elect courses equaling two art history and eight studio. The department strongly recommends Art 252 or 253 as one of the art history courses taken. Majors must take three foundation courses (102, 103, 104). Foundation courses may be taken in any order. One level II course must be selected from each of three different areas. See course listings by areas below........AREAS
|Two-Dimensional Media||Drawing||225, 232, 233|
|Three-Dimensional Media||Ceramics||207, 234|
|New Media||Photography||205, 238|
Majors must participate in the annual juried show. To fulfill the requirements of the studio art major and studio art education licensure, each student must enter at least two juried art exhibitions on or off campus by the beginning of their senior year. Students unable to meet this requirement must speak with their advisor or the department chair.
Requirements for an Art History Major (starting with the class of 2018; open to students in the classes of 2015, 2016, 2017 who have not declared an art history major as of April 2014)
As of April 10, 2014, students who declare an art history must earn nine credits as follows:
(1) Art 153: Introduction to Art History. A student who has already taken the now discontinued Art 150 or 151 may substitute either one of them for Art 153.
(2-7) Of these six courses, one can be Art 161; two must focus on cultures other than those of the western tradition; one must cover art created before 1600 CE; one must cover art created after 1600 CE. Students may also count approved course in other departments as one or more of their six courses. (Approved courses include: Asian Sudies 270, 310; Environmental Studies 270; Philosophy 243. See the departmant's web site for an updated list.) A maximum of two courses in art history taken in off-campus programs may, upon approval of the department, be applied to the major.
(8) One course in studio art.
(9) Art 350: The Methods of Art History.
(10) Majors must also successfully complete the non-credit, senior "lasting legacy" project or its equivalent.
Art History Major Requirements through April 2014 (open to students in the classes of 2015, 2016, 2017)
Students majoring in art history must earn nine credits in the following:
(1-2) Art 150 and 151. Consult with the chair of the Department of Art and Art History if you declared an art history major prior to April 2014 but have not taken both Art 150 and Art 151.
(3-7) A minimum of five courses chosen from among Art 250-275 and Art 370 and approved courses in other departments. (Approved courses include: Art/Asian Studies 270, 310; Environmental Studies 270; Philosophy 243. See the department's web site for an updated list.) A maximum of two courses in art history taken in off-campus programs may, upon approval of the department, be applied to the major. At least one of the five level II courses must concentrate on European and/or North American art, and at least one course must concentrate on Asian, African, and/or Latin American art.
(8) One course in studio art.
(9) Art 350: The Methods of Art History.
(10) Majors must also successfully complete the non-credit, senior "lasting legacy" project or its equivalent.
The prospective graduate student, in the course of pursuing the major should take a least a second course in an area of interest and should at least start studying an appropriate world language and additional study of the culture and time period for that interest. Those interested in the museum professions should also seek an internship and courses about museums, collecting, and display taught in other programs (e.g., Management Studies, Sociology/Anthropology, etc.). Art 350: The Methods of Art History is taught as a seminar with student presentations and discussions patterned on typical graduate school offerings. The department reserves the right to retain student work for its file.
Requirements for a double major in Studio Art and Art History
Students who fulfill all core requirements for both Studio Art and Art History major may choose to count up to 17 full credits in the Department of Art and Art History toward graduation when graduating with the normal 35 credits. (Therefore, 18, rather than the usual 21, courses would be required outside of Art/Art History.
Information about the criteria considered in conferring distinction is available in the Department of Art and Art History.
Many students arrange for part of the coursework for their major to be completed in London, Florence, Rome, New York City, Washington, D.C., Chicago, or Minneapolis, among other locations. Internship opportunities are possible in specialized fields of study that involve students in the workaday professional art world. Both art history and studio students can take advantage of the Minneapolis Art Institute, the Walker Art Center, and other Minneapolis-St. Paul art institutions. Studio majors also can gain professional experience in the Twin Cites in graphic design, illustration, architecture, and other areas.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR GRADUATE OR PROFESSIONAL STUDY
Students interested in studio-related careers or study are strongly encouraged to complete extensive coursework in the medium or discipline of their choice and to develop a strong portfolio. Also recommended is participation in special programs incorporating advanced work, such as internships or one-semester study at cooperating art schools. A unique fifth-year program of apprenticeship offered by the Department of Art and Art History provides studio space to a limited number of exceptional art student applicants who wish to spend the year after graduation concentrating on building a strong portfolio in preparation for graduate studies.
The prospective graduate student, following the completion of one or two survey courses, should take at least one course each in medieval, Renaissance, modern, and a non-Western area of art and a second course in an area of interest and should at least start studying an appropriate world language. Those interested in the museum professions should also seek an internship. Art 350: The Methods of Art History is taught as a seminar with student presentations and discussions patterned on typical graduate school offerings. The department reserves the right to retain student work for its file.
Most advanced courses require the completion of one or more foundation courses.
This foundation-level studio course introduces the aesthetic, conceptual, and technical foundations of two-dimensional art-making and the ways drawing informs the creation and understanding of art in cultural contexts. Students explore color, value, form, and space through a wide variety of materials. The course emphasizes strategies for idea generation and visual problem solving. Students engage in spirited investigation, critiques, and thoughtful creative expression. Materials fee. Offered each semester.
This foundation-level studio course introduces the aesthetic, conceptual, and technical foundations of three-dimensional art-making and the ways three-dimensional media inform the creation and understanding of art in many contexts. Students explore sculpture and its intersection with other media and art forms through a variety of materials and experiments. The course emphasizes idea generation. Students engage in spirited investigation, creative expression, and play. Materials fee. Offered each semester. Counts toward biomedical studies concentration (for students through class of 2016).
This foundation-level studio course introduces the aesthetic, conceptual, and technical foundations of new media art-making. Students explore creative approaches to digital, time-based, and interactive art processes; examples include digital photo-montage, 3D printing, video art, and web-based art. Idea generation and development is central to the course, with an emphasis on experimentation and divergent thinking. Students engage in dynamic activity, spirited investigation, and thoughtful creative expression. Materials fee. Offered each semester. Counts toward film studies and media studies concentrations.
San Salvador is a small Caribbean island boasting a great diversity of marine and terrestrial habitats. Students explore intersections between art and science as they develop basic drawing skills. Emphasis is placed on observation of the natural world. Lectures and field trips are coordinated with BIO 287: Island Biology. No prerequisites. Apply through International and Off-Campus Studies. Offered during Interim in alternate years. Not open to first-year students.
LEVEL II STUDIO COURSES
This course introduces students to analog and digital photographic processes as means for creating works of art. Students learn terminology and critical approaches to photography. The course includes presentations on concepts and photographers' works, discussions of articles, and regular critiques. Students are introduced to the history of the medium through presentations, readings, and hands-on work such as constructing a camera obscura. Students develop critical skills and the ability to analyze and interpret photographic work. Materials fee. Offered each semester. Counts toward media studies concentration.
This course introduces students to the ceramic processes of wheel throwing and hand building as means for creating works of art. Students learn terminology and critical approaches to ceramics. Students develop critical skills and the ability to analyze and interpret ceramic art work. The course emphasizes creative approaches to solving visual problems through ceramic work. Slide presentations on contemporary and historical ceramics provide background for assignments and highlight the role of ceramics in various cultural contexts. Materials fee. Offered each semester. Counts toward biomedical studies concentration (for students through class of 2016).
This course develops and stimulates research into the emotional/expressive properties of painting. By investigating thematic, compositional, and technical problems, students develop a personalized approach to ideas and content. Students learn the importance of process, flexibility, alternatives, and the recognition that a painting has a life of its own. Prerequisite: ART 102. Materials fee. Offered annually.
This course explores the fundamental principles of design, color, and composition through watercolor. Through advanced techniques, strong drawing, and exploration of personal ideas, students develop a personal, expressive, and visual language. Students are encouraged to move past trite and predictable solutions to seek alternatives, take initiative, and celebrate creative risk-taking. Prerequisite: ART 102. Materials fee. Offered annually.
This sculpture course introduces lost wax bronze casting, an art and industrial process that changed the course of human civilization. Students learn to cast, finish, and present cast metal work, building upon concepts from the foundation course and exploring the next level of sculpture topics, issues, and concerns. The course makes use of hands-on instruction, readings, slide talks, and discussion. Materials fee. Offered annually in the fall semester.
This sculpture course introduces students to metal forming, shaping, fastening and brazing, and welding, building upon concepts from the foundation course and presenting the next level of sculpture topics, issues and concerns. Both majors and non-majors discover an art and industrial process that has great artistic and practical application The course makes use of hands-on instruction, readings, slide talks, and discussion. Materials fee. Offered annually in the spring semester.
Through a sequence of architectural design projects, students learn drawing (hand drafting and computer-aided drawing and design) and architectural design processes that require the integration of social, artistic, technical, and environmental issues typical of real projects. Visiting architects are involved. Field trips to experience spaces/places augment the studio work. Prerequisite: ART 102 and ART 103 or equivalents or permission of instructor. Materials fee. Offered alternate years.
Emphasizing individual concepts, personal expression and strong composition, this course explores relief and lithography. Using large-scale, multicolor moveable block, collograph, wood or lino block techniques and lithography stones or aluminum plates in both black and white and color, students produce multiple images on one of the department's three presses. Students become familiar with the heritage of old masters as well as contemporary artists in printmaking. Prerequisite: ART 102. Materials fee. Offered annually.
This course provides a strong foundation in the array of copper plate processes of etching, aquatint, lift ground, soft ground, and polymer plate printmaking processes as well as in painterly monoprinting techniques. Students address personal sources of ideas, experimentation, drawing skills and compositional concerns and draw upon examples of master printmakers to discuss how images reflect culture. Critical thinking skills are necessary in discussion and critiques. Prerequisite: ART 102. Materials fee. Offered annually.
This course focuses on the creative use of animation techniques. Students study the principles of animation and produce projects utlilizing a variety of techniques including flipbooks, stop motion photography, animated GIFs, and 2D and 3D computer-generated animation software. Students regularly screen, analyze, and discuss contemporary and historic animations. Prerequisite: ART 104 or permission of the instructor. Materials fee. Offered alternate years. Counts toward film studies and media studies concentrations.
This course focuses on the creative use of digital video as a tool to generate experimental films and video art. Students study all aspects of production from concept to screening, including idea generation, pre-production planning, storyboarding, lighting, shooting, editing, and sound design. Students regularly screen, analyze, and discuss contemporary and historic examples of time-based media. During the semester students produce a variety of short videos and films, exploring experimental, narrative, and documentary approaches. Prerequisite: ART 104 or permission of instructor. Materials fee. Offered alternate years. Counts toward film studies concentration.
Drawing the human form from life has been a mainstay in the training of artists since the Renaissance because of its unparalleled discipline in the training of the eye. Along with becoming better observers, students reach a personal understanding of the figure and an appreciation of its art-historical uses. Various media and techniques are explored as a means to understand the expressive possibilities of the figure. Prerequisite: ART 102. Offered annually.
This course, designed for students who want to heighten their two-dimensional skills, emphasizes using expressive qualities of art-making by investigating various media, techniques, and content. Assignments are both traditional and nontraditional, within historical and contemporary perspectives. Experimentation and development of a personal visual language are encouraged. The course culminates in the production of a series of works that relate thematically. Critical thinking and discussion skills are important. Prerequisite: ART 102. Materials fee. Offered annually
This intermediate-level course assumes students have a substantial understanding of ceramic processes, plus a good awareness of their own interests in the realm of ceramic expression. The instructor helps students focus their efforts by proposing specific areas of investigation. Prerequisite: ART 103 or ART 207. Previous studio experience in ceramics is accepted when approved by the instructor. Materials fee. Offered annually.
This course introduces students to the medium of graphic design as a method of enhanced communication. The course explores the design communication process including conceptualization, creative processes, terminology, and technology. Assignments introduce computer applications used in the graphic design profession as well as graphic design elements of typography, production, color theory, digital printing processes, and basic web design. Counts toward studio art and art history majors and management studies concentration.
In this intermediate photography course, students explore a variety of techniques and topics. Techniques include historic processes such as cyanotype and salted paper printing, digital photography, large-scale color printing, and traditional black and white photography. Students investigate experimental approaches and nontraditional forms for presentation, and they investigate photography from broad historical, aesthetic, and social perspectives. This course includes field trips, readings, discussion, and slide presentations. Prerequisite: ART 104 or ART 205, or permission of instructor. Materials fee. Offered annually. Counts toward media studies concentration.
This course provides intensive exposure to career opportunities in: architecture, painting, sculpture, printmaking, ceramics, photography, illustration, video, digital media, and design of all kinds (from toys to exhibitions at the Metropolitan Museum of Art). Working five to seven hours a day, students interview over 25 artist professionals during the month, visit more than 100 galleries and museums, and write extensively about artists and artwork. This course does not count toward the minimum major in studio art or art history. Highly recommended: ART 253 (preferred), ART 252, ART 280. Offered in alternate years during Interim.
294 Internship: Studio Art
298 Independent Study: Studio Art
Prerequisites: three foundation courses and two upper division courses in area of study.
LEVEL III: ADVANCED STUDIO COURSES
This course enables the advanced studio art student to pursue further work in any chosen two or three dimensional medium or combination of media including performance, installation, and collaborative ways of working. This course is organized around an interdisciplinary theme set each year by the instructor. Within a seminar format, students read, discuss, and write on the selected topic in conjunction with topic-driven individual studio work and critiques. Prerequisites: three foundation studio courses plus a minimum of two level II studio courses. Offered annually.
This capstone course in the studio art program consists of advanced studio work, a visiting artist series, weekly critiques, and discussions with faculty and peers. Each student's independent work with a faculty advisor culminates in a senior exhibition at Flaten Art Museum. Weekly sessions also cover such topics as preparing a resume, documenting one's work, framing, and producing exhibition announcements and posters. Offered annually. Non-studio majors seeking admission into Art 343 must fulfill the following requirements in the Department of Art and Art History: ·ART 102, ART 103, ART 104 ·Two upper-level (200 or 300) courses ·One art history course ·Permission of chair
394 Internship: Studio Art
398 Independent Research: Studio Art
Prerequisites: three foundation courses and three courses in area of study.
ART HISTORY COURSES
All art history courses except Art 298, 350 and 398 have no prerequisites and may be taken in any order.
This course introduces students to the working methods of Art History. Students learn to analyze works of art visually, to understand the relationships between works of art and their cultural contexts, to consider the practices and politics of museum display, and to think critically about the role of art in their own lives and in society. The theme of the course varies by instructor; see the department website for current offerings. Offered each semester.
This course examines architectural monuments and their symbolic forms combined with evidence of earthly and divine concepts. From cave dwellings to geodesic domes, from Eastern to Western systems, students review sacred and profane structures from a variety of cultures. Each student investigates a living reality of space, function, and form found in human-built environments. Offered periodically.
This lecture course surveys how art (mostly painting and sculpture) in Europe unfolded in remarkable ways relative to values signaled by the French Revolution. The course examines Neo-Classical art as it expresses Enlightenment thinking, the tumultuous Romantic and Realist imagery and times, and ends with Impressionism. Offered periodically during Interim. Open to first-year students.
This course introduces modern industrial culture and thought through a study of painting, sculpture, architecture, and related arts. Students learn about the strikingly new modes of art created in Europe and the United States after 1880, examining work by Edvard Munch, Frank Lloyd Wright, Pablo Picasso, Hannah Höch, and many others. Offered annually.
This course is an introduction to modern and postmodern art and thought after World War II through a survey of painting, sculpture, and new-media arts. Students learn about celebrated art and artists, major values such as issues of identity informing their work, and ways of analyzing and making sense of newer art. Offered annually. Prerequisite: at least one college art history or studio art course recommended. Counts towards American studies major.
This course explores painting, sculpture, architecture, and urban development in Italy from c. 1300 to c. 1600. The course focuses on the major urban centers of the period: Florence, Rome, and Venice. Students address the ways in which art functioned in its original Renaissance context and explore issues of artistic identity and the importance of patronage in the period. Offered periodically.
This course is an intensive introduction to the history of the art and architecture of Florence. Through a study of Florence's topography, its built environment, and painted and sculpted imagery, students study the history of Florence from its inception as a Roman colony through the 19th century when Florence was the capital of the newly unified Italian nation. The study of Florence is enriched by travel to other Tuscan cities such as Cortona, Siena, and Lucca. Offered during Interim in alternate years.
Since its invention, photography has shaped our ways of seeing, our social history, and our identities. Photography is also a compelling form of artistic expression. This course is an introduction to the history of photography from its origins to the present, including the role of photography in society and in the fine arts. Students learn the skills of formal visual analysis and critical thinking about the power of the photographic image in our lives. No prerequisities. Offered periodically. Counts toward media studies and film studies concentrations.
Art/Asian Studies 259: The Arts of China
This course is intended as an introduction to the history of Chinese art, offering a survey of major artistic developments from neolithic times to the present. Among the topics considered: ritual bronzes, funerary remains of the Qin and Han, Buddhist sculpture, and the evolution of landscape painting. Important issues discussed include production and patronage, function, and borrowing and influence in the evolution of artistic works across time and space. Offered annually.
Art/Asian Studies 260: The Arts of Japan
This course introduces the history of Japanese art, offering a survey of major artistic developments from neolithic times to the present. Among the topics considered: funerary remains of the neolithic through Kofun eras; indigenous as well as imported religious traditions and their imagery, and the secular arts. Issues discussed include production and patronage, function, and borrowing and influence in the evolution of artistic works. Offered annually.
Art/Asian Studies 262: Sacred Sites of South Asia
This course examines art and architecture in a variety of sacred sites in India. Students investigate the development of traditional forms of architecture and imagery at Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain sites, the evolution of these forms within later constructed temple complexes, and the impact of Islam upon these earlier religious traditions. Students also explore Western involvement in the modern identities of sites and new approaches to sacred sites seen in 20th-century works. Offered in alternate years during Interim.
This course explores the arts and architecture of western Europe from c. 300 to c. 1300. Through lectures and discussions, students study paintings, sculpture, manuscripts, metalwork, and stained glass windows created by the many cultures of this rich and diverse period in the history of art. Students approach the material in a variety of ways; in addition to issues of style, technique, and iconography, students address issues of viewing, patronage, and gender. Offered periodically. Counts towards medieval studies major.
This course serves as an introductory survey of the diverse arts and cultures of sub-Saharan Africa. Students investigate material culture in its original context to understand the social roles that art plays in many aspects of life. Students also learn to identify and discuss styles, materials, techniques, and the roles of artists. Special topics considered may include: contemporary versus historical art in Africa, notions of "authenticity" and tourist art, cultural heritage and repatriation of art works, and the politics and history of museum display. Offered periodically. Counts towards Africa and the Americas concentration.
Art/Asian Studies 270: Visual Culture of Modern China
This course highlights major visual arts movements within China over the last century, from the end of the imperial era to current times. Students look at a variety of issues: class and gender; China in the world art market, Chinese art past and present, and a variety of "isms" now seen as defining Chinese art. A major them is to define "visual cultural" in all its nuances.
This course treats both the art created in the Gothic period in Western Europe (c. 1140-1400) and the revival of the Gothic style in 19th-century Europe. In the later medieval world, the course focuses on the rise of the city, on the spirituality of the Franciscan and Dominican orders, and on a new class of patrons who, fueled by the new economy of Europe, commissioned art on a larger scale than ever before. The course ends with a discussion of what the Gothic came to mean in the 19th century, as European nations solidified and industrialized. Offered every three years.
This seminar-style course focuses on a specific art-historical topic, and students learn how to pursue art-historical practice beyond the introductory level. Topics change with each offering. Prerequisite: at least one art history course or permission of the instructor. Offered periodically.
This course explores the roles of women as creators, subjects, and patrons of art. It helps students lean about how gender permeates culture and art. Specific topics vary. Each topic introduces a time period and place that has revealed much about gender and visual culture. Students work seminar-style yet at an introductory level for those new to art history or women's studies. Counts toward women's and gender studies and art and art history majors and women's and gender studies concentration. Offered periodically.
This course explores in depth the issues most crucial to artists working today in an increasingly globalized art scene. Students investigate the complexities of new media, new methods of production and exhibition, and theoretical models through readings and a required field trip to a contemporary art museum. Students analyze both journalistic criticism and theoretical texts, encompassing a wide variety of perspectives, and respond through short writing assignments and classroom discussion. Fee for field trip may be required. Prerequisite: at least one art history or studio art course, or permission of the instructor. Offered alternate years.
294 Internship: Art History
298 Independent Study: Art History
Prerequisites: two upper-division courses in area of study.
Art/Asian Studies 310 Buddhism through Text and Image
This course examines Buddhist images and their relationship to textual sources. Beginning with a close reading of Buddhist texts in translation, students study how Buddhist images and architecture derive from textual sources -- and often move beyond them. The course considers the interrelatedness of text and image in Buddhist practice. Attention is also paid to Western notions of Buddhism and the development of Buddhist art studies in the West.
This seminar explores methods by which art historians and curators analyze works of art. Students develop an advanced understanding of these methods by application of various methods to works of art, by examining historical factors surrounding principle movements in the study of art history and by engaging in lively class debates about them. Readings, discussions, and presentations culminate in an independent research project that allows each student to find his or her own place in the discipline. Prerequisite: two upper-division courses in art history.
This course is for experienced studio and art history students and those interested in contemporary theory. Students directly encounter art and new theory, explore art criticism (in part through practicing it) and learn about ethics to help think about value judgments. Recommended for students contemplating art history or studio graduate work. Prerequisite: completion of BTS-T and at least one studio and/or one art history course recommended.
394 Internship: Art History
This course provides a comprehensive research opportunity, including an introduction to relevant background material, technical instruction, identification of a meaningful project, and data collection. The topic is determined by the instructor and may relate to his/her research interests. Prerequisite: determined by individual instructor. Offered based on department decision. May be offered as a 1.00 credit course or .50 credit course.
398 Independent Research: Art History
Prerequisites: three courses in area of study.
Courses IN OTHER DEPARTMENTS APPROVED FOR ART HISTORY CREDIT
Studies 270: Nature and American Landscapes
Philosophy 243: Aesthetics
Race and Ethnic Studies 253: Topic: Art, Civil Rights, & Identity